Official Name
People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Father of the Nation
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Head of the State
Md. Abdul Hamid
Head of the Government (Prime Minister)
Sheikh Hasina
Geographical location
Bangladesh is situated in the eastern part of the South Asian sub-continent. It lies between Latitudes 20Ëš34’ and 26Ëš38’ North, and Longitudes 88Ëš01’ and 92Ëš41’ East.
The country is bordered by India on the east, west and north, and by the Bay of Bengal and small border strip with Mayanmar in the south-east.
Area
147,570 sq km (56,977 sq miles)
Administrative units
6 Divisions, 64 Districts, 481 Upazilas, 4,498 Unions, 59,990 Mouzas, 87,316 Villages.
City Corporations
6
Municipalities
308
Capital
Dhaka (estimated population of Dhaka Metropolitan Area 128 million, 2008)
Nationality
Bangladeshi
Official Language
Bengali (Bangla)
Currency
Taka/Tk. (US$ 1=Tk. 81.83 from 01 July to 30 September 2012)
Time
GMT+6 hours.
Population (est. 2008)
145 million.
Population Growth Rate (2008-09)
1.26%
Population Density per sq. km (2008-09)
977
Sex ratio
105 males per 100 females
Fertility rate (per women 2007)
2.4
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (2007)
59%
Life Expectancy at Birth (2008)
66.7 years
Infant Mortality per 1000 live Births (below 1 year, 2007)
43
Adult Literacy Rate (11+ yrs, 2008)
49.1%
Civilian Labour Force (2005-06, 15+yrs)
49.5 million
Percentage of Labour Force in Agriculture Sector
48.4%
Percentage of Labour Force in Industries Sector
24.3%
Percentage of Labour Force in Services Sector
14.2%
GDP growth rate (2008-09, at 1995-96 constant price)
5.88%
Per capita GDP (2008-2009)
US$ 621
Savings-GDP Ratio (2008-09)
32.37%
Revenue Expenditure-GDP Ratio (2008-09)
15.3%
Revenue Income-GDP Ratio (2008-09)
11.3%
Investment GDP Ratio (2008-09)
24.18%
Population below poverty line (2005, daily intake below 2122 K. Cal.)
40.0%
Population below poverty line (2005, daily intake below 1805 Cal.)
18.6%
Main Seasons
Spring (February- March), Summer (April-June), Monsoon (July-September), Autumn (October-November), Winter (December-January)
Annual Average Rainfall
203 mm
Monsoon Rainfall
1194 to 3454 (Average: 1733 mm)
Annual Average Temperature
21.2Ëš c (minimum) to 30.4 c (maximum)
Annual Average Humidity
78%
Principal Rivers
Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli.
Principal Crops and Fruits
Rice, wheat, jute, tobacco, sugarcane, pulses oilseeds, spices, potato, vegetables, banana, mango, coconut and jackfruit.
Principal Industries
Readymade garments, jute and cotton textiles, tea processing, paper, cement, chemical fertilizers, light engineering, sugar, oil refining, steel, shipbuilding, brick manufacturing, house building, carpet making, ceramic-ware, pharmaceuticals, assembling bused & trucks and assembling radio, TV & computers.
Principal Mineral Resources
Naturall gas, coal, limestone, ceramic clay, glass sand, hard rock.
Principal Exports
Readymade garments, raw jute, jute goods, tea, shrimp, fish, finished leather and leather goods, pharmaceuticals, flowers, fruit and vegetables, ceramic-ware, computer software, handicrafts and newsprint. Total export receipts: US$ 15.57 billion (2008-09)
Seaports
Chittagong and Mongla.
International Airports
Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet.
Domestic Airports
Jessore, Ishwardi, Comilla, Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Barisal.
Radio & TV
Transmissions cover the entire country.
Popular Sports
Football, Cricket, Hockey, Kabaddi, Swimming, Volleyball, Badminton, Chess.