The country is luxuriant in vegetation in view of the tropical climate. There are groves of mango, banana, jackfruit, coconut, plam bamboo, banyan and other flowering, fruit-bearing, timber or fuel-wood plants and trees in the rural areas. Forests cover about 17 percent of the land, most famous being the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world stretching along the country’s south, south-western coast and into India.
Apart from a variety of livestock-farm animals, fowls and pets, a range of wild animals are found in the forests. Of the 200 species of mammals, the pride of place goes to the Royal Bengal Tiger found in the Sundarbans. Elephants roam in the forests of Chittagong Hill Tracts. There are six main species of deer and bovine animals include buffalo, ox and bison. There are 150 species of birds, 350 species of reptiles, and of the 525 recorded species of birds, 350 are resident. The species of marine and fresh water fish total over 200.